Czech Centre Tel Aviv together with the Museum "Isle of Folk Costumes'' invite you to the newest exhibition 'Folk costumes in the Czech Republic' displayed daily in the 'Gallery on the Fence' in Zeitlin St, Tel Aviv. The exhibition presents a selection of folk costumes from various regions of the Czech republic.
In Central Europe, a “folk costume” means a historical garment worn by peasants. In the Czech Republic, we are able to follow the development of peasant clothing roughly from the 17th century. During the second half of the 19th century and the beginning of the 20th century the traditional folk costumes were gradually discarded and faded away.
The Czech Republic can be characterized by a great variety of folk costume regions. There are many reasons for this, but we can consider the relative isolation and immobility of respective population groups as the most decisive. The peasants were, due to the rules of serfdom (until 1781) and subsequently servitude (until 1848), legally bound with land and could not move elsewhere. These circumstances led to the gradual creation of unique folk custom types, characteristic for each region. Each region had different conditions as to accessible technologies, materials, inherited customs, relative poverty or wealth, and differed as an environment for local human invention and creativity. In Bohemia the costume borders were dominantly formed by domain frontiers, in Moravia by parishes. In most of the Czech Republic, the tradition of folk costumes reached its peak in the second half of the 19thcentury. The said variety could be found in accessories, shoes, jewellery but also in architecture, every-day life items, tools and immaterial expressions like music, songs, dances, fairy tales, festivities, folklore.
When arriving to the Czech Republic, you can find folk costumes in many places until today. People (in Moravia more than Bohemia) have a very fond relationship with their costumes. It is not unusual to find people still proudly wearing their traditional folk costumes during local festivities, weddings, holidays, festivals etc., thus expressing pride in their roots.
We have prepared a selection of folk costumes from Bohemia, Moravia and Silesia so that you can, albeit on a very limited example of 16 regions (from the total number of approximately 100 ), admire the beauty, ingenuity and dignity of our ancestors.
Museum 'Isle of Folk Costumes' presents the biggest private collection of historical peasant folk clothing in the Czech Republic.
This unique exposition is the first public exhibition of all folk costumes from different regions like Bohemia, Moravia or Silesia, all located in the Czech Republic. These costumes represent the folk culture of the 19th century. Hence the exhibition reflects mostly this time era.